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 Industries / Retail Trade  

Period  
              since 1996 on present time
 
Implemented Projects
Industry Description
 

 

Supermarkets in Saratov

Supermarket is a self-service shop with the assortment of not less than 1500 different products.
   Raketa
   Assorti
   Robin-Bobin (2 shops)
   Pelican
   Andreevskiy
   Mir
   Gulliver
   Lomonosovskiy
   Obuhovskiy
   Liksar
   Bolshoi
   Magistral

Clients of Supermarkets

Average monthly income of clients exceeds 3,000 rubles. The average age is 35-45 years. The majority of customers visit supermarket once or twice a week. The average weekly number of customers is 1,750-2,000. The number of regular clients of supermarkets located in the centre of the city is lower, but occasional clients who were going by and called at the shop for the first time offset the difference.

Legal Environment

Presently the only condition of extending retail trade services is obtaining temporary trade patent. It is issued by the administration of one of the regions of the city and costs 42 rubles. As for trading alcohol products, licenses for purchasing and retail realisation of alcohol products with the exception of ethyl alcohol are still required. The license for purchasing alcohol is stipulated by Resolution # 723 issued on 16.09.97 by the Governor of Saratov region. The licence for retail trading of alcohol is stipulated by the Russian legislature.

Retail trade is also regulated by the Civil and Administrative Charters, Law on rights of consumers and Sanitary Rules and Norms.

Taxes

Tax Rate
Income tax 35%
Turnover tax 5% of cash turnover
VAT 16,67 % of the cost goods sold
Dwelling tax 1,5% of the cost of goods sold excluding VAT
Road user tax 3,6% of the cost of goods sold excluding VAT
Special police tax 3% of average number of an enterprise's employees multiplied by the minimum wage
Property tax 2% of the average annual cost of property
Payroll taxes 38,5% of the total wages paid

Tax Instructions Regulating Retail Trade

   Resolution # 552 issued by the Government of Russian Federation on 05.08.92 "Regulations of composition of expenses on manufacturing and realisation of products (works, services) included in the cost of goods (works, services) sold and on the procedure of forming financial results recorded for taxation of profit"
   Methodical Recommendations # 1-550/32-2 on accounting of expenses included in the costs of manufacturing and realisation and financial results of trade enterprises and companies extending food services approved by the Trade Committee of Russian Federation on 20.04.95.
   Law of Russian Federation # 5215-I dated 18.06.93 "On using control and cash registers for settlements with customers".

Comparative Statistical Data for the Retail Industry in Russia in 1997 and 1998

RETAIL TRADE TURNOVER AND MARKETABLE SERVICES
 RENDERED TO HOUSEHOLDS

  1997 1998
Total volume of retail trade turnover and marketable services rendered to households, bln.roubles
1153,1

1379,9
including:    
retail trade turnover 884,7 1065,2
marketable services rendered to households
268,4

314,7
Total volume of retail trade turnover and marketable services rendered to households, per cent
100

100
including:    
retail trade turnover 76,7 77,2
marketable services rendered to households
23,3

22,8

MAIN INDICATORS OF TRADE

  1997 1998
Total volume of retail trade turnover, bln. roubles 884,7 1065,2
including:    
retail trade 851,9 1028,9
public catering 32,8 36,3
Volume indexes of retail trade turnover (in comparable prices), in per cent to the previous year :    
total volume of retail trade turnover 104,7 95,5
food products 104,8 96,9
non-food products 104,7 94,1
out of total volume of retail trade turnover volume of public catering turnover
98,4

87,6
Retail trade turnover per capita (in comparable prices), in per cent to the previous year
105,0

95,7
including:    
food products 105,1 97,1
non-food products 105,0 94,3
Commodity stocks in retail trade (at end of year), bln. roubles 44,5 55,5
in days of turnover 28 24
Number of establishments of retail trade and public catering1) (at end of year) thos. 172,8 173,7
Employment in retail trade and public catering (average annually), thos.persons 3019 2700
including:    
retail trade 2388 2303
public catering 631 397

1) The data were given in accordance to Main population of statistical survey objects
including actually functioning juridical persons, their missions and affiliates.

DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL VOLUME OF RETAIL TRADE TURNOVER BY OWNERSHIP TYPES
(in per cent of the total)

  1997 1998
Retail trade turnover, total 100 100
including by types of ownership:    
state 7,8 7,0
non-state 92,2 93,0
out of which private 78,2 80,0

STRUCTURE OF COMMODITY RESOURCES FOR RETAIL TRADE TURNOVER
(in actual prices; in per cent of the total)

  1997 1998
Commodities for retail trade turnover, total 100 100
including:    
resources of own production 51 52
imports (including officially non-registered imports)
49

48

SALE OF SELECTED FOOD AND NON-FOOD PRODUCTS IN 1998

  In per cent to the previous year Share in total volume of sales, in per cent
Meat and poultry 92,0 4,8
Sausages 99,9 4,5
Fish products edible, commodity
100,8

1,7
Butter 88,8 1,1
Vegetable oil 86,0 0,7
Eggs 101,0 1,0
Sugar 84,9 1,1
Confectionery 98,2 3,1
Flour 113,6 0,7
Bread and bakery products 103,8 3,4
Fabrics finished 98,5 0,5
Sewn goods 99,9 7,8
Knitwear clothes 100,1 2,6
Leather footwear 98,8 3,8
Refrigerators domestic 89,8 0,4
Color TV-sets 85,3 0,6
Passenger motor-cars 89,0 5,5
Building materials 102,6 1,3

MARKETABLE SERVICES RENDERED TO HOUSEHOLDS

  1997 1998
Volume of marketable services rendered to households, bln.roubles 268,4 314,7
in per cent to the previous year
(in comparable prices)
103,3 97,6
Volume of domestic and personal services rendered to households, bln.roubles 48,9 51,0
in per cent to the previous year
(in comparable prices)
109,8 91,9

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