there have been serious problems in Moscow connected with organisation
of work of taxi transport in the city. These problems were caused by
unsatisfactory realisation of the city's program of development of taxi
transport as well as by deficit of transport facilities. The existing
system of work of Moscow taxi does not meet contemporary requirements.
Resolution # 148 "On organisational and legal measures on development
and regulation of taxi transport in Moscow" issued by the Government
of Moscow on February 25, 1997 evidences that giving taxi transport
out to private owners did not proved worthwhile. Production premises
and capacity of privatised taxi parks are not used at maximum volume
and on proper purpose. It happens that people, whose professional qualities
are not adequate for working in passenger motor transport, are accepted
for driving cars. Passenger transport authorities maintain low requirements
to drivers and cars, which leads to decreasing security of traffic.
All these factors made the Government of Moscow take measures on improvement
of work of taxi transport.
It is possible to solve the problem of deficit of transport facilities
by several methods:
Equipping the city's taxi parks with cars produced by domestic manufacturers.
This way was chosen by the Moscow company "Autoline", which signed an
agreement with Gorkovskiy Automobile Plant on delivery of one thousand
cars. The disadvantage of this method is low quality and reliability
of domestic cars, which are not also very comfortable.
2. Purchasing cars abroad.
In spite of excellent technical characteristics of imported cars this
idea was given up because the cars' cost is too high. Besides, when
buyers import cars from foreign countries they stimulate development
of these countries' industry and distract funds from their own country's
3. Production of foreign cars on Moscow automobile
plants. Currently many Moscow enterprises
are in difficult situation because of the lack of orders for their products.
At the same time these enterprises possess free production space and
high-skilled labour force. Organisation of production of foreign cars
on such enterprises will make it possible not only to manufacture high-quality
cars, but also provide the enterprises' personal with work.
The Moscow authorities have chosen the third variant. It was reflected
in Instruction #1127-RP on incorporation of the company (Open Joint-Stock
Company "Moscab") for production of cars under the technology of British
company "Metrocab (UK) Ltd." issued by the Prime Minister of the Moscow
Government on November 25, 1996. Assembling equipment is to be delivered
to Tushinskiy Automobile Plant. This enterprise has technologies similar
to those used for manufacturing the body of the Metrocab car. The plant
also has valuable experience - it had produced "Icarus" buses before.
In the beginning of the implementation of the project
the cars should be assembled from imported spare parts and details;
in the future production of assembling parts will be carried out on
Russian enterprises. Cost of the automobiles assembled from the imported
parts will be lower than that of cars bought directly from Metrocab
(UK) Ltd. However these cars will be more expensive than cars produced
in Russia and their price will be too high for Moscow taxi parks. In
this case the most suitable decision of acquiring cars by taxi parks
is leasing, which is also stipulated by the Resolution of the Moscow
Government. Moscow taxi parks are going to acquire cars through Moscow
Leasing Company, which purchases them from the Tushinskiy Plant using
loans, issued by foreign banks as well as Moscow budget funds.